Collin Childs 'Kingfisher 40' is a long distance cruising design, respected amongst New Zealand's hand crafted steel yacht fraternity. The priorities afforded by this design are: safety and comfort, a long-distance sailing and versatility.
Design features that allow for safe and comfortable cruising are: thick steel hull, long-keel, sturdy keel-hung rudder, low aspect ratio ketch rig, high freeboard, centre cockpit, positive sheer, spoon bow, transom stern and over-stayed rig.
The steel hull is 12mm on the keel plate, 6mm on the front keel and otherwise 5mm. This, in combination with the long keel provides security when picking through bommies, shifting sand banks, past rocky shores and through waterways littered with logs, shipping containers, and random debris.The keel hung rudder design, along with the 5cm thick-wall pipe of the rudder stock, has a great structural integrity, safeguarding the rudder stern gland. The unified, streamlined design reduces the chance of catching ropes, nets and fish traps in the propellor, and eliminates the possibilty of serious damage to the propellor stern gland from such events.
The dry center cockpit places the helmsman at the 'pivot-point' of the boat in terms of pitch, yaw and roll. This affords more overall control in terms of balance, a steadier hand on the binoculars, the helm, not to mention the stomach! The center cockpit is protected from pooping waves, as well as making it difficult for a crashing wave to sweep residents of the cockpit over the stern.
The ketch rig splits the total sail area into smaller segments, each of which can be managed more safely and easily with the onset of adverse weather conditions. For example, Anima's mainsail is light enough that it can be raised by hand. This makes all aspects of heavy weather sail work easier, including reefing and dousing. With the sail area close to the water, the sails can be set such that Anima barely heels over while cruising along at 7 knots on a broad reach.
The high freeboard, transom stern, curved bow and positive sheer allows the foredeck and poop deck to remain relatively dry, making deck work safer, more comfortable and assisting with corrosion prevention. The high reserve buoancy provides some ability to withstand dunkings and breaking ocean waves. When beating to windward, the greater angle of heel increases waterline length, as well as providing a tilted, more submersible shape to the the bows, allowing for some great sailing. Admittedly, reserve buoancy is less desirable when upright and motoring into a sharp chop, in which case some speed is lost riding over the waves, compared to the bulbous or vertical bow. Hovever, Anima is compensated in this regard by a powerful 72HP Ford diesel, allowing her to punch through easily.
The short masts are rigged at three points on either side, making a total of 14 stays on the main mast, fixed with marine grade bronze turnbuckles to 12mm thick chainplates, which remain in a perfectly rust-free condition. Even in the case of a broken stay, the likelyhood of the mast coming down is minimal, due to the sheer number of stays. Despite this, the stays are oversized, making Anima an extremely safe sailboat. The stays and tangs are regularly inspected (in 2011 upper porside tang replaced on a suspicion of hairline crack on a non-structural weld) and swages lanolined. The lifetime of each stay has been tracked and they have been replaced as safety dictates (most replaced in 2003).
Registration: Australia, ON 859667
Length Overall: 13.41m
Hull speed: 8 knots
Gross Tonnage: 16 tonnes
Displacement: 13.85 tonnes
Hull: 5mm mild steel. Keel plate: 12mm mild steel. Front edge of keel: 6mm mild steel. Deck and cabin top: 3mm mild steel
Ballast: 4.5 tons of compacted, diesel soaked galvanised metal punchings, distributed over four completely sealed independant ballast tanks.
Year of launch: 1983
Height of main mast above water: 12 metres
Load Waterline Length (estimate) : 11.3m. Length on Deck (forepart of stem to foreside of rudderstock): 10.4m
ANIMA's engine is a well maintained, reliable diesel with more than enough grunt for the size of boat. The abundant stock of spare parts in the engine room will last years.
Manufacturer: Ford Motor Co. Ltd., Dagenham, Essex, England, UK.
Marinised by Lees in New Zealand.
Year built: 1983
Service Manual: Yes
Cooling: 4 raw water heat exchangers absorb heat from engine radiator fluid, engine oil, transmission fluid and exhaust air. Raw water is circulated via a reliable engine driven jabsco pump. In an emergency, a ball valve cock can be turned which will turn the cooling system into high volume engine driven bilge pump.
Fuel supply: Gravity fed header tank, refilled by pumping from keel tank. Gravity feed means fuel lines can be bled of air simply by turning the engine.
Maintenance: Regular inspection and replacement of heat exchanger pencil anodes, inspection of engine alignment and replacement of engine mounts, inspection and cleaning of exhaust elbow, oil and filter change every less than every 180 hours, including fuel injector oil. Consistent use of the correct, original oil formula (Tectian monograde 40), air filter inspection and change, flushing of cooling system, change of transmission fluid, change of fuel filters (primary and secondary), corrosion prevention through painting and WD40, preventative maintenance of vibration induced engine wear (rubber hoses, steel mounts for heat exchangers), preventative replacement of raw water impellor and gasket, replacement of heat exchanger gaskets, inspection and replacement of engine battery and alternator belt, regular running of engine under load.
Engine spares: 3x belts, 5 x oil filters + 20L Tectian mono 40 oil, 4 x fuel filters, 8 x pencil anodes, 4 x propellor gland teflon soaked flax packing rope and grease, 2 x jabsco kit for impellor replacement, numerous curved lengths of radiator hose, 2m of high quality fuel hose, 2m of raw water hose, lock-tite, temperature resistant graphite paste, numerous hose clamps, 2m heavy duty battery cable, spare 40 amp alternator + more.
The electronics on the boat have been significantly upgraded during our time on her.
- New breaker switches fitted in place of fuses (2010). LED indicators fitted in place of incandescent indicators.
- New LED lights fitted externally and internally to replace all incandescent bulbs (2010 - 2012). Yet to be fitted super bright LED strip lighting (2012).
- 2 x 135 Watt solar panels (2009), with Tri-Star Multiple Power Point Tracker (MPPT) system.
- New wiring on the engine starter circuit, masthead light (2010).
- New VHF Radio, antenna (2010) and cabling.
- New (2011) multistage 25amp 12v charger from 240v source (intelli charge).
- New (2011) 2 x 220 aH AGM (absorbed glass mat) house batteries (Fullriver - USA).
- New (2011) starter battery 800 CCA (Century - Aus).
- New AIS transceiver (2011) (Westmarine - USA).
- New msi navigation laptop with spare long-life battery (2010).
- New Garmin GPS 72H (2011).
- New Scorpion generator (2010).
- New Tohatsu 6HP outboard motor (2010).
- New (2011) 12v Multi-stage voltage regulator (Balmar - not installed).
- Numerous spares, gadgets, lights, switches etc.
- All 6 seacocks fitted with quality ball valves, and have been regularly turned to avoid jamming. Emergency wooden pegs fitted within reach of seacocks.
- Lavac vacuum toilet with three-way valve switchable to holding tank hose. Toilet has never jammed in 5 years as it is regularly de-calcified using pool acid (HCl).
- Galley sink has a hand-pump loop for convenient clearing of the sink drain. New rubber billow for pump in 2009.
- Heavy duty bronze lever seacock on exhaust to prevent flooding in rough following seas.
- Cockpit seat contains a laundry tub and ACME hand-wringer.
- Foot pumps are good quality 'whale' gushers (Head foot pump 2012).
- Double hose clamps on all fittings below waterline.
- 4 person Zodiac life raft. Professionally serviced in 2010 by MarineSafe Australia.
- 5 Life jackets.
- 2 safety harnesses and safety lines.
- Danbouy: 1 light bought new in 2011 plus 1 floating flag model.
- Life rings: 2 yellow Horseshoe type.
- EPIRB: GME Accusat EPIRB registered in Australia. This digital 406MHz distress beacon was bought new in 2009.
- Flares: valid until December 2013.
- V sheet
- Comprehensive First Aid kit with instruction cards.
- Bosunís Chair
- Binoculars: Bushnell night-working waterproof 180x200
- Fire extinguishers: Eversafe 1Kg dry powder type new in 2010. Blaze Master 2.3Kg dry powder type (serviced in 2010).
- Specially fitted mosquito screens are available to cover every open window, hatch and companionway. Used successfully throughout tropical areas to prevent flying bugs of all sorts from entering the boat.
- Grab bag containing safety equipment, food and water rations and more.
- Tender: Aquapro 2.8m RIB with 6Hp Tohatsu outboard motor (bought new in 2010).
- Garmin GPS 72 H handheld unit.
- An msi Wind U160 notebook navigation laptop with 8 hours battery power (bought new in 2010). This powerful 10" laptop is used primarily for navigation with a purpose-specific BU 353 GPS permanently attached. OpenCPN is installed and has been used without any issues to cruise throughout Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. OpenCPN comes with tracks, waypoints and charts for the entire world. The msi laptop is also installed with the AIS system.
- West Marine AIS 1000 class B transceiver (bought new in 2011).
- ICOM IC-M700 HF radio (serviced in 2011). With an ICOM Automatic antenna tuner AT-120.
- Standard Horizon VHF radio (new in 2010).
- Stereo (radio, CD, DVD, USB or iPod input) with surround sound speakers throughout the interior.
- Depth sounder Lowrance X51.
- Anemometer: Navman Wind 3100 (has some problems with the digital display)
- Autopilot: Aries Windvane with Raymarine ST1000+ (bought new in 2011)